Upstart looks at more than your credit score

Checking your rate won’t affect your credit score:

Personal Loans vs. Payday Loans: Which is Better?

5 minute read Woman in blue button down sitting at a desk looking at papers and working on her laptop.

Disclaimer: The following content is general in nature and is provided for informational purposes only. Upstart is not a financial advisor and does not offer financial planning services. This content may contain references to products and services offered through Upstart’s credit marketplace.

What’s the best way to get a hold of some quick cash? If you’re thinking about getting a loan, we’re going to let you in on a little secret: not all loans are created equal. 

You may have heard about payday loans and what comes along with them—quick turnaround time to get cash, usually no credit check, and sheer convenience. However, they may seem like a perfect option, they do come at a cost. Payday loans typically have very high interest rates and additional fees, which may cost you more than you bargained for. A personal loan, on the other hand, could be a more solid option since you’ll know exactly what you owe over the loan term.

How do payday loans and personal loans compare? Here’s everything you need to know.

What’re the similarities between payday loans and personal loans?

Payday and personal loans are similar in that they can be used to pay for almost anything (think: debt consolidation, emergencies, medical bills). As a bonus, if you’re approved, you’ll get a lump-sum amount of money within a few business days from a lender, sometimes as quickly as one day. They both belong in the broad category of installment loans in that you repay with fixed payments over a period of time that are known as terms. Although payday loans are technically installment loans, they have a much shorter term with higher interest rates. Payday lenders and industry often used “short-term installment loan” to describe payday loans.

That’s about where the similarities between these loan options end and the differences begin.

What is a payday loan? 

A payday loan is a small unsecured loan that borrowers must pay back over a short repayment term plus a ton of interest and some fees. 

If you don’t pay back the loan on time since due to the tight deadline, the lender can tack on even more interest and fees on top of what you already owe.

You should only take out a payday loan as a last resort when you’re desperate for cash ASAP.

What is a personal loan?

In most cases, a personal loan (aka a lump-sum loan) is an unsecured loan with a fixed annual percentage rate (APR) that borrowers pay back monthly over a loan term, typically 2 – 5  years. 

Sometimes, when lenders want to add an extra layer of security to a loan agreement, they may offer a secured personal loan, which means it needs to be backed up by collateral. Collateral is a valuable asset that a borrower agrees to put down to support the loan. If the borrower defaults on their payments, then the lender can seize the collateral to compensate for their loss.

A Comparison: Payday Loans vs. Personal Loans
Payday loan Personal loan
Loan amount Typically $500 or less Typically $1,000 – $50,000
Loan length ~2 weeks ~2 – 5 years
APR ~400% ~6 – 36%
Credit check


What to know about payday loans

Payday loans are attractive at first glance, but they should be used just as a last resort after you’ve exhausted all other options.

How do payday loans work?

A payday loan is a short-term loan (aka a check loan or cash advance) that borrowers can get without going through a credit check. Essentially, payday lenders grant loans for small amounts, which borrowers are expected to pay back using their next paycheck along with a fee. So the loan term is very short, depending on when you get paid next. To pay it back, borrowers have to give the lender a post-dated check or grant them permission to take out the loan amount and fees from their bank account on their next payday.

Some borrowers are able to pay back the loan amount in full within the original repayment period, but many end up having to roll over their payday loans into a new loan. This means that borrowers will need to pay a new fee and a cost increase to borrow money on top of what they already owe. 

Pro tip: Payday loans are also often referred to as “predatory loans,” which are loans with unjust terms (i.e., sky-high payday loan interest rates). Predatory payday lenders sometimes use deceiving loan ads to target people who are desperate for help with their bills or unexpected expenses.

Pros and cons of payday loans

Pros Cons
✅ Offer funding quickly ❌ They’re expensive due to crazy high interest rates
✅ Can be used to pay for almost anything ❌ You may sink further into debt
​​✅ Rarely require a credit check ❌ Your bank account can be charged overdraft fees 
✅ There are a variety of different payday loans available ❌ Lenders can be relentless in debt collections

Applying for a payday loan

Payday loans can be a very attractive option to borrow money since it’s usually pretty simple to get approved. Most lenders just require borrowers to be 18 years old, have a checking account, provide proof of income and show some identification. 

If you apply in person you could get approved and walk out with cash in a matter of minutes. Getting a payday loan online typically takes a few business days.

What to know about personal loans

Compared to a payday loan, a personal loan is a better option to have in your back pocket for emergencies you need to fix. 

How do personal loans work?

If a borrower applies for and is granted a personal loan, they can get funded within a few business days. Lenders then require the borrower to repay the loan, plus interest, over an agreed upon repayment term.

Most personal loans tend to be unsecured, meaning they’re not backed by collateral the way secured loans are. Since unsecured loans don’t have that extra layer of insurance, lenders carefully review your credit score, credit history and debt-to-income ratio when evaluating your eligibility and loan terms.

Pros and cons of personal loans

Pros Cons
✅ Usually repaid in fixed monthly installments ❌ If it’s a secured loan, collateral could be seized
✅ Don’t always require collateral to be put down ❌ If you overspend, you could rack up more debt
​​✅ Typically have reasonable interest rates compared to payday loans ❌ May have to pay an origination fee at the beginning to take out the loan
✅ Can be used to pay for a variety of things ❌ Could hurt your credit score if debt is not paid by the due date

Applying for a personal loan

Getting a personal loan requires a few more steps compared to a payday loan since borrowers need to apply, and lenders need to run a credit check. To get started, you should check your credit score and credit report to get a rough estimate of your financial health. By doing this in advance, you can get an idea of what kind of loan and terms you’re eligible for. 

Once you’ve decided on the loan amount you’d like, shop around for lenders and compare essential details, like the interest rate. Once you’ve finished your research, fill out an application to get qualified. 

Alternatives to payday and personal loans

Cash advance program from an employer. Some workplaces offer this low-risk benefit to their employees who need emergency funds. How does it work? If you’re in a tough financial bind, an employer with this program gives you cash or a cashier’s check for a certain amount. To make up for it, the employer withholds a portion of your future paychecks to pay off the loan. 

Financial assistance programs from local nonprofits. You may already be aware of organizations in your area that financially help people facing an emergency. Most of these types of loans have fair terms, but they’re only available to individuals who meet certain income requirements. 

Credit cards. Credit card companies sometimes offer customers short-term loans with a lower interest rate than a payday loan. Just be sure to use this option carefully. If you don’t pay these back quickly, you could accrue more debt. 

So is a payday loan or personal loan better?

When it comes to payday loans and personal loans, we think the latter is objectively better. However, in terms of which one we think you should go with, that’s up to you. 

Before signing on any dotted lines, do your research–A LOT of research. Think: what’re all your alternative options? Check your budget, make sure you can afford a loan, and shop around for rates and terms.

See if you qualify for a loan on Upstart!

It takes 5 minutes and doesn’t hurt your credit score.*

What would you like to use your loan for:


* When you check your rate, we check your credit report. This initial (soft) inquiry will not affect your credit score. If you accept your rate and proceed with your application, we do another (hard) credit inquiry that will impact your credit score. If you take out a loan, repayment information will be reported to the credit bureaus.

Back to top